Chapter 1

How to plan an essay

The first step for writing this document is understanding what your requirements are. Before you can choose the right type of essay that will fit your requirements, you must know what is required of you. Ask this question each time before you start writing essay papers.

Thoroughly analyze them and look at their types so you can choose the right one. Bear in mind that the type of essay you’re writing determines its focus, form, and style. Before learning how to organize your thoughts and write an essay, you need to learn about their structures and study well-written examples.

Essay types

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See what the style and formatting requirements are

The formatting is always very important, no matter what kind of essay you’re writing. There are two dominant formats, including MLA and APA. The main requirements for the MLA essay format include:

  • Write in Times New Roman font with size 12 pt.
  • No extra spaces between a paragraph and double space when needed.
  • The name of the writer, the teacher, class, and date.
  • All of the margins should be 1 inch.
  • Make sure to write a title and put it in a proper format.
  • Use indentation often,
  • Use left side alignment.

APA is the most popular college essay format, and here are some of its essentials steps:

  • Write in Times New Roman font 12pt.
  • Double spacing.
  • All sides should have one-inch margins.
  • Each page should have a top-left header, which includes a short title.
  • The page of the title should have the subject title, the name of the author, and the institution.

However, it might require sometimes additional information as the name of the instructor, date, or course title.

Chapter 2

How to write an essay

Choose a topic if you don’t already have one

The best college essay ideas are the simple ones that everyone can understand and have an interest in. It’s important to spark interest with a big group of people. Here are some good essay topics to write on:

  • Goods and bads of being a loner
  • The message of “American History X”
  • My worst date ever
  • How did the industrial revolution affect feminism?
  • Why animal experiments should be banned
  • Why do we dream?
  • The differences between mobile and desktop

How well you write your essay relates directly to how good you , do your research. It’s equally important as actually writing the essay. If you aren’t sure whether a certain piece of information is true to make sure to check it with two additional sources.

Once you have three sources that agree on something, you can consider that piece of information accurate. There is a lot of useful information and tips online, but they can be buried among a lot of trash. Check out every piece of information and look to get information from suites that have extensions .com, .gov, .org, and .edu.

A thesis statement is an important sentence used in essays and research paper writing. In general, a thesis statement is the last line of the first paragraph. This sentence is a claim which gives direct answers to questions.

Here are some examples:

  • High alcohol consumption leads to serious health issues like liver disease, heart disease, and weight increase.
  • Everyone should exercise several times during the week to keep their blood pressure on normal levels and prevent weight gain.

Structuring an essay is very important but can be difficult for beginners. Here is a 5 H2 essay outline example that you can use as a reference.


  1. Introduction (Facts, definitions, anecdotes, experiences, grabbing attention, Topic introduction and background information, Thesis statement)
  2. Paragraph 1 (topic sentence and supporting details)
  3. Paragraph 2 (topic sentence and supporting details)
  4. Paragraph 3 (topic sentence and supporting details)
  5. Conclusion (What is the claim, what are the results, restate thesis statement)
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How to write the draft

To create a better essay structure, you need to write a draft that you can follow later. There are three main parts of an essay – a draft, an intro, body, and conclusion. Here’s how these steps should look.

  • Intro: This is your essay introduction. The main goal of this section is to grab attention and spark interest in those reading your work. This is called a “hook”, and it’s important to know how to write a hook for an essay if you want people to read it.

    There are four ways you can do this and depend on the type of essay you should choose carefully. For example, if you are looking to tell a story with your essay, you can give a mini-story in the introduction relevant to your whole essay theme.

    Mystery can be used for any kind of essay, and it’s very effective. Make the readers wonder what your point is and where you are going with your essay. If you do this, they will read the full essay. You can also have a humorous approach and try to make people laugh in your intro.

    Still, if you are writing an essay on serious topics you probably shouldn’t do this.

  • Body: The body of your essay is all the paragraphs between the introduction and conclusion. You should have at least three paragraphs with each of them addressing an important aspect of your subject. The main thing each H2s should have is the topic sentence that has the strongest impact.

    At the same time, all of the paragraphs should be coherent and should have a similar structure. The information within them needs to provide important information related to the thesis statement. You can also add numbers, evidence, studies, and arguments throughout your paragraphs for a more convincing effect.

  • Conclusion: Learning how to write a conclusion for an essay is no less important than the body or intro. You need to know how to end an essay to get your message across and convince people of what you’re saying to them. The summary is what people remember the most, and it needs to drive your point across.

    The main thing to understand is that you’re writing an essay paper, not a blog post. It simply needs to be more serious and hold more weight. One of the most common ways to do this is to simply shorten the whole essay and outline the key points you were trying to make.

    On the other hand, you can also repeat the thesis statement. Your body should shed light on new information, and after reading the thesis statement again, all of what they’ we read should have more sense. You can also talk about where the whole topic could go and develop in the future.

    Briefly explain how your topic relates to some other topic and how they are a part of a larger system. Another effective way to write a conclusion is to ask readers a question. See what they think on the topic and stimulate their minds.

Chapter 3

Revise your work before making it public

Revising your work is essential in essay writing. It means going through it over again and look at it with a fresh mind and a different perspective. A lot of people think that this means only proofreading and looking for spelling mistakes and commas you can add or remove, but there are plenty of tips to consider here.

It means going through your whole essay once again and looking at its structure, information, facts, and other important details. Here are the steps you need to take.

Rest a bit

Before doing anything, you should take a bit of a break. When you’ve finished your first draft, take one or two days to relax and take your mind off the essay. This is the only way that you can actually look at what you’ve one from a fresh perspective.

After all, the point of revising your essay is to take a look at it with a fresh pair of eyes. If you don’t have enough time taking even a couple of hours can be really helpful. After working for a long period, you lose focus and start missing out on important details. Even a bit of rest can help you notice these things.

Proofread and edit

Once you’ve rested properly, take your draft and read it from start to finish. By just reading it you will notice problems if there are any. It’s generally a good idea to write down things you notice and fix them later after you’ve gone through the whole essay.

If you are finding it difficult to concentrate or you simply can’t determine whether something is wrong or not, try reading out loud, it can help with your perspective. Consider adding material or removing it if it’s obsolete. On the other hand, make sure that your information is clear, and if not, you can rewrite it.

Once you’ve done this, go through your essay once again and look specifically for typos, formatting issues, grammar issues, missing commas, and so on. If you have someone else with adequate knowledge, have them go through the essay after you’re done with it.

Mistakes to look for

If you know what you’re looking for, it can help you recognize mistakes. Luckily, most beginners make the same mistakes and they can be spotted easily. Look for sentences that have no point and don’t say anything of value. Sometimes you will have a point, but it won’t be made clear due to lack of concentration.

Look for ideas that don’t have any quotes, examples, statistics, or facts backing them up. Check all the terms you’ve been using to see whether they are accurate. In the end, make sure your punctuation is on point. Knowing how to find and fix your mistakes is essential for learning how to write an essay like a professional.


Frequently asked questions
about writing an essay

Essay writing doesn’t have a one-size-fits-all approach. It all depends on the type of essay and who (or what) you’re writing it for. Luckily there are some general rules you can follow. Refer to this table below when you write an essay.

Essay type (based on the institution) Number of words Essay structure
Graduate school 2500 to 6000 A longer paper that usually follows a basic structure, unless specified otherwise
Graduate school admission 500 to 1000 A longer personal statement along with academic achievements
Undergraduate college 500 to 1000 Varies from the collage, professor, department and course level
College admission 200 to 650 Short personal essays to show the applicants motivations and interests
High school 300 to 1000 Intro, 3 paragraphs, and conclusion

When writing an essay paper, include at least five paragraphs – an intro, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion. However, the number of body paragraphs can be larger, depending on the requirements or the volume of material that needs to be covered.

We hope this guide has helped you learn how to write an essay. Look for an example of a written essay before you put your pen on paper. Follow these tips we talked about today, and your essay writings will be much better.